HISTORY TODAY

A look at things that have happened on this date, March 3, in history:

1991:  Motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers in a scene captured on amateur video.

1845: Florida became the 27th state.

1849: The U.S. Department of the Interior was established.

1913: More than 5,000 suffragists marched down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., a day before the presidential inauguration of Woodrow Wilson.

1923: Time magazine, founded by Briton Hadden and Henry R. Luce, made its debut.

1931: “The Star-Spangled Banner” became the national anthem of the United States as President Herbert Hoover signed a congressional resolution.

1934: Bank robber John Dillinger escaped from the Lake County Jail in Crown Point, Indiana, along with another prisoner, Herbert Youngblood.

1945: The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces during World War II.

1959: The United States launched the Pioneer 4 spacecraft, which flew by the moon. Comedian Lou Costello died in East Los Angeles three days before his 53rd birthday.

1966: Death claimed actor William Frawley at age 79 and actress Alice Pearce at age 48 in Hollywood.

1974: A Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris, killing all 346 people on board.

1985: Coal miners in Britain voted to end a year-long strike that proved to be the longest and most violent walkout in British history.

1996: Israel declared “total war” against the militant group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, including the bomber, the third such suicide attack in eight days.

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