HISTORY TODAY

1302: Romeo and Juliet’s wedding day, according to Shakespeare.

1784: British sign peace treaty with Tippoo of Mysore in India.

1810: Emperor Napoleon of France is married by proxy to the Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.

1812: King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia gives Jewish citizens equal rights.

1845: Maori stage further uprisings against British rule in New Zealand.

1888: The “Blizzard of 88” strikes the north-eastern United States, piling up snow up to 6 metres (20 feet) deep and resulting in some 400 deaths.

1913: Britain and Germany agree on frontier between Nigeria and Cameroon.

1917: British forces capture Baghdad during World War I.

1941: US President Franklin D Roosevelt signs into law the Lend-Lease Bill, providing war supplies to countries fighting the Axis.

1943: British Eighth Army repulses heavy German counter-attacks in Tunisia in World War II.

1965: A white minister from Boston, the Rev James J Reeb, dies after whites beat him during civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama.

1966: President Sukarno of Indonesia is forced to delegate wide powers to army General Suharto, who later replaces him.

1977: Brazil cancels 25-year-old military assistance treaty with the United States because of US State Department report criticising its alleged human rights violations.

1985: Politburo leader Mikhail S Gorbachev is chosen to succeed the late Soviet President Konstantin U Chernenko.

1990: Lithuanian Parliament declares independence from Soviet Union.

1992: Sikh militants round up 17 Hindu workers and execute them at a government-owned mill in Punjab.

1994: Eduardo Frei becomes president of Chile.

1998: South Korea says it will compensate women who were enslaved in Japanese army brothels in World War II, then recover the money from Japan.

2002: Fifteen are killed and more than 50 others injured in a fire and stampede at a girls’ school in Saudi Arabia, sparking an outcry after religious police prevented male firefighters and paramedics from rescuing the girls because they were not wearing the black head-to-toe covering required by Saudi law.

2004: A series of bombs hidden in backpacks blow apart four commuter trains in Madrid, Spain, killing at least 199 people and wounding more than 1,400 in the worst terrorist attack in Spanish history.

2006: Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic, being tried at The Hague for war crimes after orchestrating a decade of bloodshed that killed 250,000 people and broke up his country, is found dead after a heart attack in his prison cell.

2009: A 17-year-old wielding a Beretta 9m pistol bursts into a classroom in his former high school in Germany and guns down students in a rampage that leaves 15 dead before he takes his own life.

2012: A US Army sergeant opens fire on Afghan villagers as they sleep, killing 16 people — mostly women and children.

2014: In trade talks, the European Union wants to ban the use of European names like Parmesan and feta on cheese made in the United States, but US dairy producers, cheesemakers and food companies are fighting the idea.

2015: The European Union studies new ways to beef up border patrols in the face of an unprecedented influx of migrants crossing the Mediterranean and travelling through the Balkans.

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